For every set of conditions or outcomes, there are some people who are affected adversely by them. These people are the problem-owners. They own the problem, because they suffer the consequences and therefore have the responsibility to resolve the problem.
Most often, the universe is unaware that someone has a problem. The universe just is what it is. People interpret these otherwise neutral events in the universe as good or bad relative to their needs and values. People view their problems the way they (the person) are...not the way the world is... and according to their world view. If they were to view the world differently, then perhaps, the problem would be less of a problem or no problem at all.
One way to solve a problem is to change our
perspective. Most of our problems are self-induced, except for
rare survival issues, and their severity are a matter of our opinion.
So, if all our problems are self-made, then by changing how we view
them, the problem would change as well. Thus, the easiest
solution to our problems is to just change
the way we see them. If we don't see a problem, then we
don't have a problem.
Changing our viewpoint seems simple, but as a practical matter, it is difficult to do, as most people are locked into their world view...almost as if it were their identity. But wouldn't it be great if we could rationally adjust own world view to better fit with the reality we are stuck with. Most of our problems would disappear. Still, this is the best way to solve our problems, by changing ourselves.
A second way to solve a problem is to change the external conditions. If the external world is not to your liking, then try to change it. This approach is harder still since changing the external world is even more difficult than changing yourself.
A third way is a blend to the two. Sometimes, what is lacking to solve a problem is to develop some skills or behaviors that the problem-owner does not now have. The deployment of those skills or behaviors by the problem owner is what solves the problem. A good solution is to identify the key skill or behavior that if present would solve the problem. To find this key ingredient, one must be explore the problem to find out what conditions must be present for the problem to disappear.